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Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. In order to achieve a change among teens' sexual behavior, an important step is to improve our knowledge about their opinions concerning relationships, love and sexuality. A questionnaire including topics on relationships, love and sexuality was distributed to a target population of 4, Filipino students from third year high school to third year college.
Participants were obtained through multi-stage sampling of clusters of universities and schools. This paper concentrates on teens aged 13 to Students reported that they obtained information about love and sexuality mainly from friends. However, they valued parents' opinion more than friends'. They revealed few conversations with their parents on these topics. A majority of them would like to have more information, mainly about emotion-related topics.
More girls, compared to boys, were sensitive and opposed to several types of sexism. There is room for further encouraging parents to talk more with their children about sexuality, specially aspects related to feelings and emotions in order to help them make better sexual choices. Indeed, teens wish to better communicate with their parents on these issues. Condoms are regarded as safer than what they really are by almost half of the participants of this study, and such incorrect knowledge seems to be associated with sexual initiation. It is well known that, from the standpoint of public health, sexual relations among teens represent a risk factor [ 1 - 4 ].
Existing literature points to the alarming consequences Adult filipino female sex premature sexual involvement among adolescents [ 56 ]. Examining cross-country data, Wellings et al. Far from settling with a marital or cohabiting partner, teens engaging in premature sex increase their risk of exposure to sexually transmitted infections STIs and teenage pregnancy. Every year, 14 million adolescents give birth, which in developing countries translates to one in three women under 20 years of age [ 9 ]. Owing to the health consequences, adolescent sexual behavior is certainly a growing concern.
Competent authorities are trying to find solutions to this problem in the form of education programs and information campaigns. However, the average age of first sexual relation is still too low, while unplanned pregnancies and STIs remain high [ 10 - 13 ]. Some behavioral factors such as starting sex relations at a young age and having multiple concurrent or serial sexual partners, increase the risk of infections [ 5614 - 18 ]. Moreover, the use of contraceptive methods does not seem to be effective enough to avoid unplanned pregnancies in youth [ 19 - 22 ].
In addition to the physical dangers, existing literature has likewise examined, albeit on a smaller scale, how early sexual activity could be compromising teens' emotional and psychological well-being:. Research points to different factors affecting early sex among teens. Several studies have confirmed more risky behaviors in males compared to females higher prevalence of premarital sex, less likelihood to be sexually abstinent, increased odds of engaging in risky sex and younger age at first sexual relationship [ 28 - 31 ].
Socio-economic status is also an important factor. Singh et al. Several family variables have proven to be related to sexual behavior. Parent-child communication is protective against early sex [ 303334 ], especially for girls [ 33 ]. Furthermore, according to the systematic review of American youth studies done by Buhi and Goodson, the youth's perception of parental attitudes toward sex is a stable predictor of sexual behavior outcomes [ 35 ]. Several studies show that the sources of information available to teens as regards sexuality are incomplete and inappropriate.
A study in Costa Rica concludes that a more complete biological information is received compared to affective information. Furthermore, the same study reports that educational institutions are the most frequently used source, while the family stands in second place [ 36 ]. A Spanish research calls attention to the fact that almost half of the youth between ages 18 and 29 describe communication with their parents on sexual matters as inexistent While parents Adult filipino female sex the youth's favorite source of information, the youth in actuality turn to friends or partners for information [ 37 ].
Limiting current perspectives to the physical or biological dimensions of sexuality may further obscure fitting solutions. If intervention programs and future research are to be responsive to the needs of teens, what they feel and say should have weight in ongoing discussions. Expanding this research area has therefore the potential of uncovering important and useful insights on how to best help teens. This research is the first step toward an international study Project YOUR LIFEon what the youth think and feel about relationships, love and sexuality; with the general objective of enabling future health education programs focusing on character and sex education to be grounded on youth's opinions and needs.
To know which is the preferred and actual main source of information about relationships, love and sexuality on representative samples of Filipino teen students. To study their actual knowledge about the prevention of STIs and unplanned pregnancies as well as their attitudes toward specific issues such as sexism. In order to accomplish the research objectives, a paper-pencil questionnaire was crafted to gather data on the following : Socio-demographic characteristics; characteristics of the group of friends; use of free Adult filipino female sex access and exposure to media; feelings, opinions and information sources on relationships, love and sexuality; and life goals.
The instrument consisted mainly of close-ended questions. A five-point Likert scale was used for attitudinal responses. The questionnaire was drafted in colloquial English and pre-tested in the field to students. Questions were tested to ensure clarity, comprehension and suitability to local conditions. Content and length of the instrument was modified to last about 45 minutes.
Specifically, variables considered in this article refer to: youth's sources of information about love and sexuality; importance of parents' and friends' opinion about different topics; frequency of conversations with parents about different topics regarding sexuality, and desire to know more about these topics; degree of agreement with sentences showing disapproval towards different forms of sexism; knowledge about condom effectiveness; and sexual experience whether the subject has had any sexual relation.
The wording of the questions and answer scales is described below where appropriate. The questionnaire is available upon request to the corresponding author. The targeted study population was 4, students from third year high school to third year college in the Philippines. Subjects were obtained through multi-stage sampling of clusters of universities and schools.
Time and budget constraints yielded the limitation of choosing seven respondent regions out of the seventeen political regions. The respondent regions were selected on the basis of having the greatest of youth population while limiting two regions each from Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao the three island groupsplus the National Capital Region.
From each Adult filipino female sex, four institutions were identified as survey venues: one public high school, one state college or university, one private high school and one private university. The total of approximately students were targeted from the seven regions based on the respective contribution of the region to the total youth population.
This sample size was chosen taking into approximate sample size estimation criteria [ 3839 ]. We worked with the criteria that 10 subjects would be needed per parameter included in a statistical model used to adjust for confounding.
Thus with a sample of about students we were quite confident to have sufficient statistical power to for a good amount of variables in a given model. Equal samples were taken from each year level and from public and private sectors to improve subgroup analyses by school type. Classes were randomly selected.
Not included in the population were out-of-school youth. Priority was given to study in-school youth since one of the implicit objectives of the research is to generate insights on future formation channels for this specific group.
Finally, for the propose of the analyses of this paper, we focused only on high school students aged 13— The questionnaire was implemented between July and September in twenty-eight schools from seven regions using standardized data-collection protocols. Prior to administering the survey to students, consent was obtained through the schools. Schools were invited to voluntarily participate in the research project, which was described to the schools as an effort to collect nationwide baseline data to guide future education interventions.
Data collectors travelled to each participating school to administer the survey sheets during class hours. Administration in schools that is away from parents has the reported benefit of increasing the respondents' sense of privacy and their willingness to disclose sensitive information. Survey procedures were deed to protect student privacy by allowing for anonymous participation. Data collectors read a standardized script, including an introduction to the survey requesting the participation of students.
The survey's scope and respondent anonymity with respect to the school and their parents was explained. Moreover, students were instructed that they might opt to leave any discomforting survey item blank. The survey was completed in approximately 45 minutes or one class period in classrooms or lecture halls. To the extent possible, students' desks were spread throughout the classroom to minimize the chance that students' could see each other's responses. Neither the survey administrators nor classroom teachers moved around the classroom while students took the survey. Students were told of the importance of providing honest answers Adult filipino female sex that no one would know how they responded individually.
When students completed their survey sheet, they were asked to seal their answers in individual envelopes to be returned to data collectors. Lead researchers secured and transported survey sheets to Manila for data entry. Ethical authorization was obtained for the study by the Ethics Committee of the University of Asia and the Pacific. Data were analyzed taking the weights and clusters of the sampling process into by using specific survey commands of the STATA statistical package release 9. The survey mean. Responses of 28 students were omitted because they were older than the target sample age 13 to 24 years.
Seventy-three subjects did not give age information, 2 did not give sex information and 22 did not specify whether their school or university was public or private. Therefore, respondents were used for the project Among these, subjects high school students, 13—18 were analyzed in this paper. A majority of the respondents were female Most of them were Roman Catholics Participants were asked how often they got information regarding love and sexuality from different sources.Adult filipino female sex
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